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Hot links Critical thinking is the process of actively analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing information gathered from a variety of sources, using a framework designed to lend structure and clarity to the thinking process. As children think, they use their background knowledge, as well as information gathered from other sources, to draw their own conclusions.
One of the challenges when teaching critical thinking skills to English language learners ELLs is helping them develop adequate background knowledge and adequate vocabulary to support this type of higher order thinking.
How can educators teach critical thinking skills?
The article Hooked on Thinking by Ann Paziotopoulos and Marianne Kroll, describes critical thinking using a skyscraper analogy. Using a construct based on Bloom's Taxonomy, the authors compare the different layers of critical thinking see chart below to the different levels of a building.
The foundation of the building, or the lowest level of critical thinking, would be represented by such tasks as recalling facts from a story. At the second level, students might be expected to give a summary or an explanation of a story. At the third level, students would be expected to relate the story to their own lives.
At the fourth level, they would compare and contrast elements within the story. The fifth level would require hypothesizing or creating something new based on the reading. To reach the top of the skyscraper, or the sixth level, students must be able to synthesize the information from the story and then formulate their own opinions.
An important element of higher order thinking is learning to ask critical questions. ELLs in particular need assistance in learning how to ask these types of questions that will enhance their understanding i. What would have happened to her?
Teachers can begin this process by pre-teaching vocabulary and helping students build background knowledge prior to reading.
Suggested Activities Lower Grade Activities In lower grades, the teacher should present this lesson as a whole group activity. Ensure ELLs receive a list of any challenging vocabulary words they might encounter. It's a good idea to provide an explanation and the meaning for each word before they begin to read the story.
Begin to model higher thinking skillsby evaluating your student's different levels of knowledge. Upper Grade Activities Teachers may choose to first model the first paragraph and then let students work in small groups as they find the main idea.
Have students read a story and write several questions for each level adapting Bloom's Taxonomy for use with literature. Have students work in groups to answer the questions they have created. Hot links This site offers an introduction to different stages of Bloom's Taxonomy theory, as well as methods for applying the theory in lesson plans.Teaching critical thinking is crucial for student success in core subject areas, and it can begin as young as preschool through the introduction of worksheets featuring games and puzzles.
Critical thinking skills are necessary in the 21st century, and these worksheets cover a wide range of logic puzzles and problems, Sudoku, Masyu, and Hidato puzzles, word problems and brain teasers of all.
Great educational / critical thinking / brainstorming / teamwork game for high schoolers and adults. Like Great Group Games? Please help us spread the word by linking to us on your website or blog!
10 Positive Thinking Exercises & Activities That Will Change Your Life Posted on January 9, Written by Z L 17 Comments In this article you will discover some great positive thinking exercises and activities that will help you immensely in your life.
Content Critical Thinking 1 V irtually anything written or talked about in the activities, those that sharpen the mind. For the philosophers, educating our students through critical-thinking processes, and become aware of their neighbors.
Ultimately. Teaching students to be critical thinkers presumes an environment where learners, building upon their knowledge and experience set, strive to understand how data and information can be used to develop, recognize, and/or critique general patterns of knowledge.
Problem solving, communication, critical thinking, respect What are your favorite activities to help develop soft or job readiness skills?
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