Economic empowerment of women not only positively impacts their own life situations but is also central to mobilising their potential for sustainable development and poverty alleviation.
By Gina in Gender Issues The phrase Gender Pay Gap refers to the average difference between the earnings of men and the earnings of women in one particular state or industry sector.
This can be reported as raw unadjusted figures, or it can be reported as adjusted figures which take into account certain unavoidable factors. These factors include the lower earnings which are received whilst a woman is on maternity leave and fact that women often work fewer hours as they are primary care givers.
However, even when these external factors are adjusted for, it is still possible to see the existence of a gender pay gap in the United Kingdom. As ofBritain still has the fifth largest gender pay gap in the European Union.
If the gap continues to narrow at a similar rate, it may still be decades before the adjusted gender pay gap in the United Kingdom is completely closed.
One of the main factors affecting the gender pay gap in the UK is occupational segregation.
Women are less likely to be employed in managerial roles or high-paying professional roles. The number of men who are employed in these roles has helped to keep the average pay gap higher. These roles are also more likely to have received pay rises in the last couple of years, compared to many of the roles which are paying minimum wage or living wage.
This takes into account all of the benefits and salary perks such as car users allowance which are also offered to management level staff.
Some studies into the gender pay gap do not count bonuses and salary perks, and there have been a number of cases where contractual benefits have been used as a way of circumnavigating pay equality rules.
Data from the UK shows that there are certain industries where the pay gap is much larger than the national average. Huge pay gaps can also be seen in other industries, such as the media. Recent revelations from the BBC show that male TV stars and radio personalities are routinely paid thousands or hundreds of thousands of pounds more than their female counterparts.
Data from other media organisations and from the film industry suggest that men are valued more highly in media roles where contract negotiations are required.
The differences are not as overt in media roles which follow a set pay grade and are not subject to regular renegotiations. A similar effect can also be seen when looking at sports prize money.
Further analysis of the gender pay gap in the UK appears to suggest that they gap is also affected by age, with a generational sliding scale.
Women between the ages of 55 — 65 experience a gender pay gap which is around three times more significant than women between the ages of 25 — It remains to be seen as to whether the smaller gap will propagate through the system as the women who are currently 25 — 35 continue to age.
New legislation which is coming into force in means that all companies which employ more than people will be required to publish their gender pay figures. These figures should also include any bonus payments that were awarded to staff members outside of their normal pay arrangement.
It is hoped that this legislation will make company pay structures more transparent and will empower more people to challenge irregularities.
It is also hoped that this will encourage companies to be more mindful about the amount that their pay their employees.In addition to providing the reader with an overview of the history of the media in general and newspapers in particular, this history of women and their role in newspapers, both as readers and journalists, also includes a consideration of women’s history and the representation of women in the media and women in a new career arena..
The literature review then tightens its focus to address. Gender in mass media Now I would like to focus on the attendance of gender stereotypes in the mass media, which nowadays has a great power and reaches large audiences.
In order to create a medium which is universal, understandable and acceptable for numerous and diverse recipients, senders very often use stereotypes, which fill the social life and . Media coverage of LGBT people and their issues in China, Russia and Brazil Dane Claussen, our editor for LGBTQ, has gathered following news stories concerning the issues encountered by LGBT people in Russia, China and Brazil.
Half the Sky Movement is not affiliated or connected with Half the Sky Foundation. For information about Half the Sky Foundation, please visit metin2sell.com Researchers found that male and female government officials — members of government, politicians, ministers and spokespeople — are the most common occupations represented in the news media. After that, common professions and titles broke on . Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and metin2sell.coming on the context, these characteristics may include biological sex (i.e., the state of being male, female, or an intersex variation), sex-based social structures (i.e., gender roles), or gender identity. Traditionally, people who identify as men or women or use masculine or.
Session 4: Complicating Femininity and Masculinity in Cartoons. Lesson Goals: Expose students to real issues related to gender and have them think critically about sexism, inequality, double standard, and the objectification of women. A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality.
Gender roles are usually centered on conceptions of femininity and masculinity, although there are exceptions and variations. Media and gender refers to the relationship between media and gender, and how gender is represented within media platforms.
These platforms include but are not limited to film, television, journalism, and video games.